Effect of metal cathode reflectance on the exciton-dissociation efficiency in heterojunction organic solar cells

Pandey, Ajay K.; Shaw, Paul E.; Samuel, Ifor D. W.; Nunzi, Jean-Michel
March 2009
Applied Physics Letters;3/9/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 10, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
Effects of different cathode metals, such as aluminum, calcium, and silver, and difference in their reflectivity on the photocurrent generation in pentacene-C60 heterojunction solar cell are presented. Using optical transfer matrix calculations, we find that metal reflectivity has a profound impact on the electrical field confinement within the multilayer device structures. Silver as cathode offers better optical-field confinement close to the pentacene-C60 interface over generally preferred aluminum cathode. External quantum efficiency measurements confirm higher exciton dissociation efficiency and high photocurrent generation ability of silver over aluminum cathode making the choice of cathode metal an important parameter in device optimization.


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