Unique nanostructures and enhanced thermoelectric performance of melt-spun BiSbTe alloys

Wenjie Xie; Xinfeng Tang; Yonggao Yan; Qingjie Zhang; Tritt, Terry M.
March 2009
Applied Physics Letters;3/9/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 10, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
We report a melt spinning technique followed by a quick spark plasma sintering procedure to fabricate high-performance p-type Bi0.52Sb1.48Te3 bulk material with unique microstructures. The microstructures consist of nanocrystalline domains embedded in amorphous matrix and 5–15 nm nanocrystals with coherent grain boundary. The significantly reduced thermal conductivity leads to a state-of-the-art dimensionless figure of merit ZT∼1.56 at 300 K, more than 50% improvement of that of the commercial Bi2Te3 ingot materials.


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