Microbiology of the external ear canal in six African elephants (Loxodonta africana)

Chinnadurai, S. K.; Suedmeyer, W. K.; Fales, W. H.
February 2009
Veterinary Record: Journal of the British Veterinary Association;2/21/2009, Vol. 164 Issue 8, p238
Academic Journal
Samples collected from both external ear canals of six adult female African elephants (Loxodonta africana) were cultured for fungi, yeasts and aerobic and anaerobic bacteria. All the samples produced heavy growths of several aerobic bacteria, but anaerobic bacteria were rare and no fungi or yeasts were isolated. The most common bacterium isolated was Staphylococcus epidermidis, which was cultured from I I of the 12 ears. Acinetobacter calcoaceticus Iwo ffi, α-haemotytic Streptococcus and Corynebacterium species, and Aeromonas caviae were all isolated from at least six of the 12 ears.


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