Localized charge inhomogeneities and phase separation near a second-order phase transition

Kabanov, V. V.; Mamin, R. F.; Shaposhnikova, T. S.
February 2009
Journal of Experimental & Theoretical Physics;Feb2009, Vol. 108 Issue 2, p286
Academic Journal
Localized charge inhomogeneities and phase separation are described in the framework of the phenomenological theory of phase transitions. It is shown that Coulomb interaction determines the charge distribution and the characteristic size of the emerging inhomogeneities. Phase separation associated with charge segregation becomes possible because of a high dielectric constant and a low excess charge density in the localization region. The phase diagram of the system is calculated, and estimates are obtained for the gain in energy associated with the emerging state. The role of Coulomb interaction is exposed, and corresponding estimates are given.


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