TITLE

Wide-aperture high-current electron beam in a discharge with cathode plasma at elevated pressure

AUTHOR(S)
Sorokin, A. R.
PUB. DATE
March 2009
SOURCE
Technical Physics;Mar2009, Vol. 54 Issue 3, p372
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This work pursues investigations into the discharge with a cathode plasma in a cavity one wall of which is an insulating plate with a hole D in diameter (the cavity is 0.5 or 1.5 mm wide). This discharge is thoroughly analyzed in comparison with the high-voltage hollow-cathode discharge. Owing to the reduced emission of electrons from the cathode plasma, the discharge becomes more stable against transition to the low-voltage form, as a result of which an electron beam can be generated under higher gas pressures. Such a beam formed at the entrance to the cavity is used as an auxiliary one that propagates over the remaining (flat) surface of the cathode and adds to the gas ionization. Accordingly, the beam current from the main discharge to the anode rises (high-current regime). Wide-aperture ( D = 22 mm) ≈1-μs-long pulsed beams with a current an order of magnitude higher than the total current of the equivalent anomalous discharge are obtained. Experiments are carried out at a helium pressure to 20 Torr and a voltage from 1 to 20 kV.
ACCESSION #
37031057

 

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