Gündoğdu, Hakan
September 2008
Ekev Academic Review;Fall2008, Vol. 12 Issue 37, p73
Academic Journal
This paper first focuses on the basic reasons of intolerance; and then maintains that classical notion of toleration common since John Locke and Immanuel Kant is insufficient for overcoming obstacles of living together with a peace and harmony in the present conditions of a multicultural European Society based on liberal democratic tradition in politics. The paper second tries to show that some philosophical justifications for toleration as indulgence, forbearance or endurance made by Hobbes, Bayle and Locke are also inconvenience and weak foundations for building and protecting a multicultural society as well as for preventing conflicts of civilizations. From this point, the paper third suggests that we need a notion of toleration based on the idea of justice and respect to other; and explicates it in details. The Paper fourth pays attention to the role and place of Islam and Turk identity in the making of multicultural Europe and points out some logical fallacies and discourse mistakes by some Europeans. The paper finally ends with a proposal that we should enforce the mutual and reasonable tolerance as rational agents who can see the world from other's perspective for a well-based multicultural society.


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