TITLE

TANRI VE KÖTÜLÜK: KELÂMÎ DÜŞÜNCE GELENEĞINDE KÖTÜLÜK PROBLEMİ ÜZERİNE BAZI DEĞERLENDİRMELER

AUTHOR(S)
Kazanç, Fethi Kerim
PUB. DATE
March 2008
SOURCE
Ekev Academic Review;Spring2008, Vol. 12 Issue 35, p11
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This paper is to aim at examining and analysing the main approaches of theological schools to the term evil. The classical theologians separate evils into two categories in universe: natural and ethical. The independent title wasn't devoted to problem of evil in Muslim Theology. But solutions about the concept evil is scatteredly met among theological issues. All Muslim theologias unamiously think that God permitted phenomenona of evil in real world one hand, and they set forth an optimistical approach to that problem on the other. According to Mu'tazilah, it is duty incumbent on God to act optimum (al-aslah) for servants. In this context, it is very interesting that Mu'tazilites had argued this problem in the light of divine justice. Even, Mu'tazilite thelogians regard natural evils as metaphorically evils in universe. In contrast with this teaching, Ash'arites deal with and solve question of evil on pivot of doctrine of absolute omnipotence and sovereignity. Contrary to Jabriyyah and Ash'arites, it is appears that Kadariyyah, Mu'tazilah, and in part Mâturîdites behaved about coping with ethical evils in life of individual and community very realistically and sensitively. Consequently, it is possible to say that opinions and solutions about both ethical and natural evils must be revised and improved in the light of contemporaneous data and realities.
ACCESSION #
37018758

 

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