Chemical synthesis and structural studies of thiol-capped gold nanoparticles

Peng Zhang; Yuan-Chi Chu, Andy; Tsun-Kong Sham; Yun Yao; Shuit-Tong Lee
January 2009
Canadian Journal of Chemistry;Jan2009, Vol. 87 Issue 1, p335
Academic Journal
We report the chemical synthesis and structural studies of thiol-capped Au nanoparticles (NPs) using extended X-ray absorption fine structures (EXAFS) and high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HRTEM). Synthesis of Au NPs was conducted in one case in a toluene/water two-phase system using alkanethiols with varied hydrocarbon chain length (C6, C12, and C18), resulting in NPs of sizes ranging from 1.6 nm to 5.4 nm. Au L3-edge EXAFS reveals a systematical trend of the local structure of Au in the NPs when the Au/S ratio and chain-length of thiols are varied. In another synthesis, thiol-capped Au NPs were prepared on the surface of silicon nanowires, which act as both substrates and reducing agents. HRTEM reveals that not only spherical particles but also very small quasi-1D nanostructures of Au were formed. The formation and structure of these Au NPs was discussed in terms of ligand and template effect associated with the silicon nanowire substrates.


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