Dislocation density evolution during high pressure torsion of a nanocrystalline Ni–Fe alloy

Wang, Y. B.; Ho, J. C.; Cao, Y.; Liao, X. Z.; Li, H. Q.; Zhao, Y. H.; Lavernia, E. J.; Ringer, S. P.; Zhu, Y. T.
March 2009
Applied Physics Letters;3/2/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 9, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
High-pressure torsion (HPT) induced dislocation density evolution in a nanocrystalline Ni-20 wt %Fe alloy was investigated using x-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. Results suggest that the dislocation density evolution is fundamentally different from that in coarse-grained materials. The HPT process initially reduces the dislocation density within nanocrystalline grains and produces a large number of dislocations located at small-angle subgrain boundaries that are formed via grain rotation and coalescence. Continuing the deformation process eliminates the subgrain boundaries but significantly increases the dislocation density in grains. This phenomenon provides an explanation of the mechanical behavior of some nanostructured materials.


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