Fracture Resistance of Lithium Disilicate--, Alumina-, and Zirconia- Based Three-Unit Fixed Partial Dentures: A Laboratory Study

Tinschert, Joachim; Natt, Gerd; Mautsch, Walter; Augthun, Michael; Spiekermann, Hubertus
May 2001
International Journal of Prosthodontics;May/Jun2001, Vol. 14 Issue 3, p231
Academic Journal
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the fracture resistance of three-unit fixed partial dentures (FPD) made of new core ceramics. Materials and Methods: A base metal three-unit master FPD model with a maxillary premolar and molar abutment was made. Tooth preparation showed 0.8-mm circumferential and 1.5-mm occlusal reduction and a chamfer margin design. FPDs were constructed with a uniform 0.8-mm-thick core ceramic and a porcelain veneer layer. In-Ceram Alumina, In-Ceram Zirconia, and DC- Zirkon core ceramics were machined by a computer-aided design/manufacturing system, whereas IPS Empress 2 core ceramic was indirectly built up using the fabrication technology of waxing and heat pressing. FPDs of IPS Empress were heat pressed as complete restorations without core material. To ensure standardized dimensions, the FPDs were controlled at different points. All FPDs were cemented with ZnPO on the 4 master model and loaded on a universal testing machine until failure. The failure load and mode of failure were recorded. Results: The highest failure loads, exceeding 2,000 N, were associated with FPDs of DC-Zirkon. FPDs of IPS Empress and In-Ceram Alumina showed the lowest failure loads, below 1,000 N, whereas intermediate values were observed for FPDs of IPS Empress 2 and In-Ceram Zirconia. Differences in mean values were statistically significant. Conclusion: The high fracture resistance evaluated for FPDs made of DC-Zirkon underscores the remarkable mechanical properties of high- performance ceramic, which could be useful for highly loaded all-ceramic restorations, especially in the molar region.


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