Muñoz F., Víctor; Esquivel C., Patricia; Escalona U., Marcela; Jiusán L., Lorena
December 2008
Revista Chilena de Tecnología Médica;2008, Vol. 28 Issue 2, p1454
Academic Journal
By the medical importance that has, the most important ectoparasites is the human pediculosis variety capitis, that could be defined as the infestation of the head by lice. Given the high prevalence of pediculosis, coverall in the paediatric population, is vital knowing the characteristic epidemiologists of this pathology. On the other hand, they are more and more the reports as much at national level as international, of resistance to the treatment on the part of the parasites, reason why to know which are the treatments more used by the population, if these has or medical indication and which were not their results, is excellent. A descriptive study was realised of cross section in the Emerald Health Consulting Institution, commune of Colina, applying a predesigned survey that briefed the following data: number of inhabitants of the home (specifying young and adult), overcrowding degree, probable source of contagion, used treatment, who indicated the treatment and effectiveness of this one. The data were tabularon and analyzed expressing the results in percentage. A total of 320 surveys briefed 951 cases of pediculosis. The overcrowding degree was in average of 2.4 people by dormitory. The average of age of the infested ones was of 13.03 years (rank between 0 and 53 years), being observed that a 78.65% corresponded to minors of 16 years. As far as the probable source of contagion, a 93.7% considered that the origin of the familiar infestation was the educational establishment of one of the children of the house. From the total of the cases a 96.6% received pharmacological treatment, of which a 35.9% only had indication by some professional of the health. It emphasized within the pharmacological treatment, the use of Lindane (30.1%) and pediculicide shampoo (69.90%).


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