TITLE

Erbium:YAG Laser Application in the Second Phase of Implant Surgery: A Pilot Study in 20 Patients

AUTHOR(S)
Arnabat-Domínguez, Josep; España-Tost, Antonio Jesús; Berini-Aytés, Leonardo; Gay-Escoda, Cosme
PUB. DATE
January 2003
SOURCE
International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;Jan/Feb2003, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p104
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: Conventional implant dentistry implies 2 surgical stages. In this context, pain is often present in the second stage, despite the fact that it is comparatively less aggressive for the patient. The present pilot study proposes application of Erbium:YAG (Er:YAG) laser for second-stage implant surgery. Materials and Methods: Twenty patients were studied with a total of 50 implants in which osseointegration was complete. The subjects were divided into 2 groups: a control group (10 patients with 25 implants), subjected to conventional second-stage surgery; and a group of 10 subjects (also with 25 implants) treated with the Er:YAG laser at second-stage implant surgery. Results: The use of Er:YAG laser obviated the need for local anesthesia and minimized postoperative pain and time needed before starting the second stage. With regard to surgical duration, quality of hemostasis, and success in implant treatment, no differences were reported. Discussion: In the second stage of implant surgery, different types of laser have been used, taking advantage of their bacteridal effect; disadvantages arise from inducing damage to the implant surface and adverse thermal effects. Conclusion: The advantages afforded by laser treatment include technical simplicity, the possibility of obviating local anesthesia, absence of postoperative pain and edema, and complete tissue healing by day 5, thus facilitating rapid prosthetic rehabilitation. The technique described can be used in all cases except situations where esthetic considerations prevail in anterior areas, or in the event of a lack of keratinized gingiva surrounding the implant.
ACCESSION #
36846168

 

Related Articles

  • The Effect of Smoking on Osseointegrated Dental Implants. Part I: Implant Survival. DeLuca, Stephelynn; Habsha, Effrat; Zarb, George A. // International Journal of Prosthodontics;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 19 Issue 5, p491 

    Purpose: Recent studies implicate smoking as a significant factor in the failure of dental implants. The purpose of this long-term retrospective study was to evaluate the survival of Brånemark endosseous dental implants in relation to cigarette smoking. Materials and Methods: The sample...

  • Status of surface treatment in endosseous implant: A literary overview. Gupta, Ankur; hanraj, M.; Sivagami, G. // Indian Journal of Dental Research;Jul-Sep2010, Vol. 21 Issue 3, p433 

    The attachment of cells to titanium surfaces is an important phenomenon in the area of clinical implant dentistry. A major consideration in designing implants has been to produce surfaces that promote desirable responses in the cells and tissues. To achieve these requirements, the titanium...

  • An Assessment of Survival Rates and Within-patient Clustering of Failures for Endosseous Oral Implants. WEYANT, R. J.; BURT, B. A. // Journal of Dental Research;Jan1993, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p2 

    This study examined endosseous cylinder implant survival, defined as the unqualified presence of the implant in the mouth at the end of the observation period, in 59 consecutive VA patients, with a total of 2098 implants Data were taken from the Department of Veterans Affair (VA) Dental Implant...

  • How an implant caliper can aid in planning dental implant restoration. Davis Jr., Wilbur M. // Journal of the American Dental Association (JADA);Sep96, Vol. 127 Issue 9, p1377 

    Focuses on the use of the dental implant caliper which allows surgeons to precisely determine the width of the alveolar bone present for placement of the largest diameter implant. Dependence of successful implant restoration on assessment and treatment planning; Instrumentation of the caliper.

  • Titanium Deposition After Peri-implant Care with the Carbon Dioxide Laser. Deppe, Herbert; Greim, Helmut; Brill, Thomas; Wagenpfeil, Stefan // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;Sep/Oct2002, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p707 

    Purpose: Titanium endosseous implants are becoming increasingly important in dentistry because of their excellent long-term results. However, it has been reported that these implants may lead to higher concentrations of titanium, especially in the lungs and kidneys. The purpose of this study,...

  • Lethal Photosensitization, Autogenous Bone, and e-PTFE Membrane for the Treatment of Peri-implantitis: Preliminary Results. Haas, Robert; Baron, Monika; Dörtbudak, Orhun; Watzek, Georg // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;May/Jun2000, Vol. 15 Issue 3, p374 

    This clinical study reports on the results of a new method in the treatment of peri-implantitis. The surfaces of 24 plasma flame-sprayed cylindric implants in 17 patients who were diagnosed with peri-implantitis were decontaminated with a combination of toluidine blue (100 μg/mL) and laser...

  • A Close-up Look at an Implant Fracture: A Case Report. Velasquez-Plata, Diego; Lutonsky, James; Oshida, Yoshiki; Jones, Robert // International Journal of Periodontics & Restorative Dentistry;2002, Vol. 22 Issue 5, p482 

    The authors report on the fracture of a standard endosseous dental implant 11 years after placement. It had been connected to a natural tooth using a nonrigid connector to compensate for the lack of a built-in antirotational system on the prosthetic abutment of the implant restoration. Scanning...

  • The Immediate Implant: A Treatment Alternative. Krump, John L.; Barnett, Baron G. // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;Spring1991, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p38 

    The safety and efficacy of placing endosseous implants into the anterior mandible at the time of dental extractions with appropriate radical alveolectomies ("immediate implants") is reported. The results were compared to a control group of patients. The success of the immediate group was 92.7%;...

  • An Investigation of 131 Consecutively Placed Wide Screw-Vent Implants. Khayat, Philippe G.; Hallage, Pascale G. Habre; Toledo, Rafael A. // International Journal of Oral & Maxillofacial Implants;Nov/Dec2001, Vol. 16 Issue 6, p827 

    Between February 1995 and May 1996, 71 patients received treatment that involved 1 or more wide Screw-Vent implants. A total of 131 wide implants were placed. All patients were recalled 1 year after loading. Seven patients (14 implants) were lost to follow-up. Six implants were removed before...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics