A low-temperature spin-polarized scanning tunneling microscope operating in a fully rotatable magnetic field

Meckler, S.; Gyamfi, M.; Pietzsch, O.; Wiesendanger, R.
February 2009
Review of Scientific Instruments;Feb2009, Vol. 80 Issue 2, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
A new scanning tunneling microscope for spin-polarized experiments has been developed. The microscope is operated at 4.7 K in a superconducting triple axis vector magnet providing the possibility for measurements depending on the direction of the magnetic field. In single axis mode the maximum field is 5 T perpendicular to the sample plane and 1.3 T in the sample plane, respectively. In cooperative mode fields are limited to 3.5 T perpendicular and 1 T in plane. The microscope is operated in an ultrahigh vacuum system providing optimized conditions for the self-assembled growth of magnetic structures at the atomic scale. The available temperature during growth ranges from 10 up to 1100 K. The performance of the new instrument is illustrated by spin-polarized measurements on 1.6 atomic layers Fe/W(110). It is demonstrated that the magnetization direction of ferromagnetic Fe and Gd tips can be adjusted using the external magnetic field. Atomic resolution is demonstrated by imaging an Fe monolayer on Ru(0001).


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