Practical limits of absorption enhancement near metal nanoparticles

Khurgin, J. B.; Sun, G.; Soref, R. A.
February 2009
Applied Physics Letters;2/16/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 7, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
We consider the enhanced absorption of optical radiation by molecules placed in the vicinity of spherical metal nanoparticles in the realistic situation that includes perturbation of the optical field by the absorbing molecules. We show that there is an optimal nanosphere radius that gives the strongest enhancement for each combination of the number of absorbing molecules, their absorption strength, and their distance from the nanosphere surface and that the enhancement is strong only for relatively weak and diluted absorbers.


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