High-temperature electrical transport behaviors in textured Ca3Co4O9-based polycrystalline ceramics

Yuan-Hua Lin; Jinle Lan; Zhijian Shen; Yuheng Liu; Ce-Wen Nan; Jing-Feng Li
February 2009
Applied Physics Letters;2/16/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 7, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
Highly (00l) oriented Ca3Co4O9-based ceramics were fabricated by spark plasma sintering combined with a dynamic forging process. The grain orientation is effective in lowering the electrical resistivity and enhancing the thermoelectric power factor but with little influence on the Seebeck coefficient. A metallic-to-semiconducting transition temperature can be observed and the activation energy is almost independent of the La-doping. All of the Ca3Co4O9-based ceramic samples exhibit large thermoelectric power, and the figure of merit for La-doped Ca3Co4O9 sample can reach 0.26 at 975 K, which can be a promising candidate of p-type material for high-temperature thermoelectric application.


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