TITLE

Estratificación vertical y preferencia de hospedero de las epífitas vasculares de un bosque nublado de Chiapas, México

AUTHOR(S)
Martínez-Meléndez, Nayely; Pérez-Farrera, Miguel A.; Flores-Palacios, Alejandro
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
Revista de Biología Tropical;dic2008, Vol. 56 Issue 4, p2069
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Vertical stratification and host preference by vascular epiphytes in a Chiapas, Mexico, cloud forest. The high diversity of vascular epiphytes in neotropical montane forest has been explained as the result of vertical stratification of the forest and specific relationships between epiphytes and their hosts trees at local scales. In a lower montane cloud forest, we studied the vertical stratification and host preferences of vascular epiphytes in a 0.0625 ha plot where 41 trees ⩾ of 10 cm DBH were sampled during 12 months in 2001 and 2002. We found 43 epiphyte species growing on 15 tree genera. We tested for vertical strata and host preferences using 19 epiphyte taxa. We found strong evidence that epiphytes divided the canopy, but those epiphyte species dispersed by animals were generalists with respect to hosts and vertical strata. Wind dispersed epiphytes were vertically stratified, with a higher richness in the lowest tree strata. On average the epiphytes preferred 3.5 host species, suggesting low host preference. Two host species, Ardisia and Quercus, were avoided by the majority of the epiphyte species. Our results show that epiphytes divided the canopy horizontally and were stratified vertically, suggesting that host identity could be important determining the abundance of colonizing sites for epiphytes.
ACCESSION #
36619893

 

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