Chemical sensing in slotted photonic crystal heterostructure cavities

Di Falco, A.; O'Faolain, L.; Krauss, T. F.
February 2009
Applied Physics Letters;2/9/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 6, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
We fabricated slotted photonic crystal waveguides and cavities supporting resonant modes in air. Their peculiar geometry enables the detection of refractive index changes in a given analyte with high sensitivity because of the large overlap between the optical mode and the analyte. This yields a high figure of merit for the sensitivity of the device and we are able to report values of S=Δλ/Δn over 1500. By applying a photonic crystal heterostructure to the slotted geometry, we are able to create high quality-factor cavities essential for realizing low detection limits up to Q=50 000.


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