Enhanced flux pinning by BaZrO3 and (Gd,Y)2O3 nanostructures in metal organic chemical vapor deposited GdYBCO high temperature superconductor tapes

Yimin Chen; Selvamanickam, Venkat; Yifei Zhang; Zuev, Yuri; Cantoni, Claudia; Specht, Eliot; Paranthaman, M. Parans; Aytug, Tolga; Goyal, Amit; Lee, Dominic
February 2009
Applied Physics Letters;2/9/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 6, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
We have formed BaZrO3 nanocolumns and (Gd,Y)2O3 nanoprecipitates in reel-to-reel metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) processed (Gd,Y)Ba2Cu3O7-x coated conductors and increased the critical currents (Ic) of the conductors in applied magnetic fields to remarkable levels. A (Gd,Y)Ba2Cu3O7-x tape of 1 m in length with 6.5% Zr-additions and 30% composition rich in both Gd and Y showed Ic values of 813 A/cm width at (self-field, 77 K) and above 186 A/cm width at (1 T, 77 K). The strongly enhanced flux pinning over a wide range of magnetic field orientations can be attributed to the bidirectionally aligned defect structures of BaZrO3 and (Gd,Y)2O3 created by optimized MOCVD conditions.


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