Expanding the Recognition and Assessment of Bleeding Events Associated With Antiplatelet Therapy in Primary Care

Cohen, Marc
February 2009
Mayo Clinic Proceedings;Feb2009, Vol. 84 Issue 2, p149
Academic Journal
Antiplatelet therapy is an evidence-based, guideline-recommended, worldwide standard of care for treatment of patients with atherothrombosis. However, clinical implementation of the guidelines Is suboptimal, in part because of physician and patient nonadherence. The Increased risk of bleeding associated with antiplatelet therapy is often the reason for nonadherence, and several programs have been created to increase adherence to guideline treatment recommendations. Despite the relative success of such initiatives, including Can Rapid Risk Stratification of Unstable Angina Patients Suppress Adverse Outcomes With Early implementation of the ACC/AHA Guidelines, Guidelines Applied in Practice, and the American Heart Association's Get With the Guidelines and a Science Advisory, a current estimate is that less than 50% of atherothrombotic patients are taking antiplatelet therapies as recommended by national guidelines. A PubMed and MEDLINE search of the literature (January 1, 1983-May 15, 2008) was performed to examine the bleeding risks associated with various antiplatelet therapies. Relevant clinical trials, observational registry data, and other studies relevant to treatment and guideline recommendations were selected from articles generated through specific search terms. This comprehensive review contributes to the understanding of the benefit-to-risk ratio of antiplatelet therapy for patients with atherothrombosis.


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