Electric polarization enhancement in multiferroic CoCr2O4 crystals with Cr-site mixing

Ingyu Kim; Yoon Seok Oh; Yong Liu; Sae Hwan Chun; Jun-Sik Lee; Kyung-Tae Ko; Jae-Hoon Park; Jae-Ho Chung; Kee Hoon Kim
January 2009
Applied Physics Letters;1/26/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 4, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
Single crystals of multiferroic cobalt chromite Co(Cr2-xCox)O4 have been grown via several methods to have different Co3+ doping levels (x=0.0, 0.14, and 0.18). Under magnetic fields, all the crystals display electric polarization reversal below their spiral spin ordering temperatures. We find that both saturated electric polarization and magnetization under magnetic fields increase significantly with the increase in x. This result can be qualitatively explained by a broken balance between at least two electric polarization contributions existing in CoCr2O4 and is expected to be useful in tailoring electric polarization in similar kinds of multiferroics.


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