Lateral heterojunction photodetector consisting of molecular organic and colloidal quantum dot thin films

Osedach, Tim P.; Geyer, Scott M.; Ho, John C.; Arango, Alexi C.; Bawendi, Moungi G.; Bulović, Vladimir
January 2009
Applied Physics Letters;1/26/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 4, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
We demonstrate a heterojunction photodetector of lateral geometry that utilizes an evaporated film of the hole-transporting molecular material N,N′-bis(3-methylphenyl)-N,N′-bis(phenyl)-9,9-spirobifluorene (spiro-TPD) as a charge transport layer and that is sensitized across visible wavelengths by a thin film of colloidal CdSe nanocrystal quantum dots (QDs). High photon-to-electron quantum conversion efficiencies are obtained at room temperature as a result of photoconductive gain. With an electric field of 3.0×105 V/cm applied across the electrodes, we measure the external quantum efficiency at the first QD absorption peak (at wavelength λ=590 nm) to be 13%, corresponding to an internal quantum efficiency of approximately 80%. The operating mechanism of these devices is discussed, noting that the optical response is dominated by the QD absorption spectrum while the charge transport nearly exclusively takes place in the spiro-TPD.


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