Morphotropic phase boundary and electrical properties of K1-xNaxNbO3 lead-free ceramics

Ye-Jing Dai; Xiao-Wen Zhang; Ke-Pi Chen
January 2009
Applied Physics Letters;1/26/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 4, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
Lead-free K1-xNaxNbO3 ceramics with x=0.48–0.54 were prepared by a conventional solid-state reaction method to investigate the influence of the K/Na ratio on phase structures and electrical properties. The results suggest that a typical morphotropic phase boundary exists at x=0.52–0.525, separating the monoclinic and orthorhombic phases. The sample with the composition near x=0.52 shows the maximum values of the piezoelectric constant (d33=160 pC/N) and the electromechanical coupling coefficient (kt=47%). The results provide a helpful guidance to consider the optimal ratio of K to Na for designing and developing new (K,Na)NbO3-based ceramics.


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