TITLE

Metal-hydride transformation kinetics in Mg nanoparticles

AUTHOR(S)
Pasquini, L.; Callini, E.; Piscopiello, E.; Montone, A.; Antisari, M. Vittori; Bonetti, E.
PUB. DATE
January 2009
SOURCE
Applied Physics Letters;1/26/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 4, pN.PAG
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The hydrogen sorption kinetics of magnesium nanoparticles prepared by inert gas condensation and coated by a magnesium oxide layer were investigated by a volumetric apparatus. The metal-hydride transformation was studied by transmission electron microscopy of the nanoparticles both in the as-prepared state and after hydrogen cycling. In small nanoparticles (≈35 nm) hydride formation proceeds by one-dimensional growth controlled by diffusion through the hydride, while the reverse transformation to metal involves interface-controlled three-dimensional growth of nuclei formed at constant rate. Large nanoparticles (≈450 nm) exhibit very low reactivity attributed to reduced probability of hydrogen dissociation/recombination and nucleation at the particle surface.
ACCESSION #
36434949

 

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