Simple modeling of the physical sample dispersion process in rectangular meso (micro) channels with pressure-driven flows

Baeza, Mireia; Montesinos, José Luis; Alonso, Julián; Bartrolí, Jordi
February 2009
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Feb2009, Vol. 393 Issue 4, p1233
Academic Journal
The present paper reports the modeling and characterization of the physical sample dispersion process observed in rectangular microchannels when pressure-driven pumping is used. To explain experimental results provided by the silicon fluidic device constructed, two different mathematical models were tested. The first one is based on the diffusion–convection model, and the second one is based on the combination of ideal reactors. The silicon designed and constructed chip includes a microfluidic manifold with four inlet–outlet ports and a monolithically integrated optical flow cell. The microchannels, the optical flow cell, and the input–output ports were micromachined on a silicon wafer and then sealed with Pyrex glass anodically bonded. Optical windows were integrated in the chip, allowing simple absorbance–transmission measurements. Pressure-driven flows through fluidic channels were controlled via three-way solenoid valves and provided by an automatic microburette operating in aspiration mode. Experimentally obtained results demonstrate that the physical sample dispersion process can be easily modeled as a combination of a continuous stirred tank reactor and a plug-flow reactor.


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