Quantum electron-acoustic double layers in two electron species quantum plasma

Sah, Om Prakash
January 2009
Physics of Plasmas;Jan2009, Vol. 16 Issue 1, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
The existence and the characteristic properties of electron-acoustic double layers are investigated in three component unmagnetized dense quantum plasmas consisting of stationary background ions and two electron populations: one “cold” and the other “hot.” Using the one-dimensional quantum hydrodynamic model and the reductive perturbation technique, a generalized form of nonlinear quantum Korteweg–de Vries equation governing the dynamics of weak electron acoustic double layers is derived. A stationary solution of this equation is obtained to discuss the existence criteria of different types of double layers and their characteristic properties. It is shown that two types of compressive double layers: one in the lower δ-parameter region and the other at the higher δ-parameter region, along with rarefactive double layers in the intermediate region, may exist, where δ=nec0/neh0 is the ratio of unperturbed cold to hot electron densities. The width, the amplitude, and the velocity of these double layers are significantly affected by the δ-parameter. The relevance of the present investigation is also discussed.


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