Directional growth of polypyrrole and polythiophene wires

Thapa, Prem S.; Yu, Deok Jin; Wicksted, James P.; Hadwiger, Jeffrey A.; Barisci, Joseph N.; Baughman, Ray H.; Flanders, Bret N.
January 2009
Applied Physics Letters;1/19/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 3, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
This work establishes an innovative electrochemical approach to the template-free growth of conducting polypyrrole and polythiophene wires along predictable interelectrode paths up to 30 μm in length. These wires have knobby structures with diameters as small as 98 nm. The conductivity of the polypyrrole wires is 0.5±0.3 S cm-1; that of the polythiophene wires is 7.6±0.8 S cm-1. Controlling the growth path enables fabrication of electrode-wire-target assemblies where the target is a biological cell in the interelectrode gap. Such assemblies are of potential use in cell stimulation studies.


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