Multilayer structure with gradual increasing porosity for dye-sensitized solar cells

Zhipeng Tian; Hanmin Tian; Xiangyan Wang; Shikui Yuan; Jiyuan Zhang; Xiaobo Zhang; Tao Yu; Zhigang Zou
January 2009
Applied Physics Letters;1/19/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 3, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
Multilayer structure was prepared in a dye-sensitized solar cell work electrode by enlarging the porosity in each layer being coated on the fluorine-doped tin oxide transparent conducting glass from bottom to top. The multilayer structure exhibits an improved light scattering character, which resulted in better light harvesting of the cell. An obvious improvement in short circuit current is obtained. I-V characteristic measurement indicates an improved efficiency by 13% as compared to homogeneous pore-size samples. Diffuse reflectance spectra, scanning electron microscope images, and porosity measurements demonstrate that larger porosity is the cause of enhanced light scattering.


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