TITLE

Clinical Profiles of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome

AUTHOR(S)
Uyar, Meral; Elbek, Osman; Aydın, Neriman; Çifçi, Nilüfer; Bayram, Nazan; Fakılı, Füsun; Gündoğdu, Nevhiz; Dikensoy, Öner
PUB. DATE
September 2008
SOURCE
Turk Toraks Dergisi / Turkish Thoracic Journal;Sep2008, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p113
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Introduction: To evaluate the clinical profiles of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome. Material and Method: Sixty two consecutive patients who were diagnosed as having obstructive sleep apnea syndrome were included in the study. Results: The male/female ratio of patients with an apnea-hypopnea index of over 5 was 2.64. A family history of the syndrome was present in 43.5% of the patients. Of the 62 patients, 35% were diagnosed as having an overlap syndrome due to the coexistence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The mean Epworth Sleepiness Scale score in mild, moderate and severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients were 8.81±6.46, 10.38±5.14, 15.34±5.44, respectively (p=0.001). Hypertension, diabetes mellitus, coronary artery disease, subclinical hypothyroidism and cerebrovascular accidents were detected in 35.5%, 11.3%, 16.1%, 5.9%, and 1.6% of the cases, respectively. No correlation was identified between groups with respect to smoking habits, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, LDL, HDL and total cholesterol levels. We detected a significant difference in neck and waist circumferences and hematocrit values in those having severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (p<0.05). Although the Epworth Sleepiness Scale score, smoking habit, gender distribution, neck circumference, fasting blood glucose, triglyceride, LDL, HDL and total cholesterol levels did not differ significantly between those having obstructive sleep apnea syndrome and overlap syndrome, body mass index, waist circumference and hematocrit values were significantly higher in overlap syndrome patients (p<0.01). Conclusion: Study showed that many OSAS patients have comorbid diseases, and taking a family history of patients suspected as having OSAS is essential. Also, severe obstructive sleep apnea syndrome patients have a higher Epworth Sleepiness Scale score, and neck and waist circumference.
ACCESSION #
36314578

 

Related Articles

  • In vitro validation of some flow assumptions for the prediction of the pressure distribution during obstructive sleep apnoea. Van Hirtum, A.; Pelorson, X.; Lagrée, P. Y.; Lagrée, P Y // Medical & Biological Engineering & Computing;Jan2005, Vol. 43 Issue 1, p162 

    An adequate description of the pressure distribution exerted by the fluid flow on pharyngeal walls is a first requirement to enhance the understanding, modelling and, consequently, the prediction of airway collapse during obstructive sleep apnoea. From a fluid mechanical point of view, several...

  • When OSA Threatens Marriage. PRUITT, BILL // Sleep Review;Nov2009, Vol. 10 Issue 9, p26 

    The article explores the impact of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) on bed partners. A study which examined the impact of snoring on Swedish women's health found that 38% of the women slept in another room and had about twice as many problems with initiating their sleep. Another study looked at the...

  • Efficacy and Safety of Adenotonsillectomy for Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Prader-Willi Syndrome. Tanna, Neil; Choi, Sukgi S. // Annals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology;Apr2009, Vol. 118 Issue 4, p267 

    Objectives: We performed a retrospective analysis in a tertiary care children's hospital to evaluate the efficacy and safety of adenotonsillectomy for the treatment of pédiatrie obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS). Methods: We studied all PWS patients who underwent...

  • The burden of obstructive sleep apnea and associated excessive sleepiness. Pagel, James F. // Journal of Family Practice;Aug2008 Supplement, Vol. 57, pS3 

    The article offers information on the implication of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in the U.S. It is a sleep disorder caused by repetitive, short-duration blockages of the upper airway that results to the episodic cessation of breathing or the reduction in airflow, which are detrimental because...

  • Comparison between pulse oximetry and transthoracic impedance alarm traces during home monitoring. Nassi, N.; Piumelli, R.; Lombardi, E.; Landini, L.; Donzelli, G.; de Martino, M. // Archives of Disease in Childhood;Feb2008, Vol. 93 Issue 2, p126 

    Objective: To compare transthoracic impedance (TTI/ECG) and pulse oximetry alarm traces detected during home monitoring in infants at risk of apnoea, bradycardia and hypoxaemia. Study design: A retrospective evaluation of the monitor downloads of 67 infants who had undergone either TTI/ECG or...

  • Central sleep apnoea syndrome in patients with chronic heart disease: a critical review of the current literature. Köhnlein, T.; Welte, T.; Tan, L. B.; Elliott, M. W. // Thorax;Jun2002, Vol. 57 Issue 6, p547 

    The prevalence, prognosis, clinical presentation, pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the central sleep apnoea syndrome (CSAS) are reviewed and its relationship with congestive heart failure (CHF) is discussed. Adequately powered trials are needed with survival and health status as end...

  • Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis. Mermigkis, Charalampos; Chapman, Jeffrey; Golish, Joseph; Mermigkis, Demetrios; Budur, Kumaraswamy; Kopanakis, Antony; Polychronopoulos, Vlassis; Burgess, Richard; Foldvary-Schaefer, Nancy // Lung;May/Jun2007, Vol. 185 Issue 3, p173 

    Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a chronic and usually fatal lung disease of unknown etiology. The aim of this study was to describe clinical and polysomnographic features of sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBD) and to identify predictors of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in IPF...

  • Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Hypothyroidism. Rajagopal, Krishnan R.; Abbrecht, Peter H.; Derderian, Sarkis S.; Pickett, Cheryl; Hofeldt, Fred; Tellis, Claude J.; Zwillich, Clifford W. // Annals of Internal Medicine;Oct84, Vol. 101 Issue 4, p491 

    Deals with a study which determined the incidence and frequency of sleep apnea in persons with hypothyroidism. Materials and methods; Results; Discussion.

  • Brain morphology associated with obstructive sleep apnoea.  // Current Medical Literature: Respiratory Medicine;2003, Vol. 17 Issue 2, p48 

    Discusses the abstract of the article 'Brain morphology associated with obstructive sleep apnoea,' by P.M. Macey, L.A. Henderson, K.E. Macey et al. published in the Number 166, 2002 issue of the 'American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine.'

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics