Open circuit voltage enhancement due to reduced dark current in small molecule photovoltaic cells

Li, Ning; Lassiter, Brian E.; Lunt, Richard R.; Wei, Guodan; Forrest, Stephen R.
January 2009
Applied Physics Letters;1/12/2009, Vol. 94 Issue 2, pN.PAG
Academic Journal
We demonstrate high open circuit voltage photovoltaic cells achieved by reducing the electron leakage current through the introduction of both organic and inorganic electron blocking layers between the donor layer and the anode contact. As an example, the blocking layers reduce the dark current in tin (II) phthalocyanine (SnPc)/C60 solar cells with response across the visible and near infrared spectral region up to a wavelength of 1000 nm, is decreased by two orders of magnitude compared to cells lacking the layers, resulting in a doubling of the open circuit voltage. The structure: indium tin oxide/electron blocker/SnPc (100 Å)/C60 (400 Å)/bathocuproine (100 Å)/Al, has a power conversion efficiency of (2.1±0.1)% at 1 sun, standard AM1.5G solar illumination. This work demonstrates the importance of reducing dark current to achieve high organic thin film photovoltaic cell efficiencies.


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