Distance Art Education: The Federal School and Social Engineering in the United States, 1900 to 1925

Funk, Clayton
January 2009
Studies in Art Education;Winter2009, Vol. 50 Issue 2, p124
Academic Journal
The Federal School was a correspondence art school in Minneapolis, Minnesota in the early 20th century. At that time, scientific methods changed the organization and practice of commercial art training and industrial education, which included correspondence courses from the Federal School. Standards of intelligence were determined with intelligence testing, and students were tracked into vocational or professional programs depending on their scores. The Federal School contradicted itself as it promoted stereotypes in which intelligence correlated to race, ethnicity, and sex roles. The same stereotypes appeared in the curricula of the Federal School, making it a part of the larger configuration of education and mass media that socially engineered cultural production.


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