Dynamically programmable fluidic assembly

Tolley, Michael T.; Krishnan, Mekala; Erickson, David; Lipson, Hod
December 2008
Applied Physics Letters;12/22/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 25, p254105
Academic Journal
A major challenge in fluidic assembly is the dynamically programmable fabrication of arbitrary geometries from basic components. Current approaches require predetermination of either the assembly machinery or the component interfaces for the specific target geometries. We present an alternative concept that exploits self-assembly forces locally but directs these forces globally, allowing fabrication and manipulation of target structures without tailoring the substrate or interfaces. By controlling the flow in a microfluidic chamber, components are directed to their target locations where local interactions align and bond them. Following this approach, we demonstrate and quantify the experimental assembly of structures composed of two to ten components.


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