Racial/Ethnic Differences in the Birth Prevalence of Spina Bifida -- United States, 1995-2005

Boulet, S. L.; Gambrell, D.; Shin, M.; Honein, M. A.; Mathews, T. J.
January 2009
MMWR: Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report;1/9/2009, Vol. 57 Issue 53, p1409
The article focuses on an analysis of the birth prevalence of spina bifida in the U.S. from 1995 to 2005. The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) mandated adding folic acid to all enriched cereal grain products by January 1998 after the U.S. Public Health Service recommended that all women of childbearing age take folic acid daily. The study found that from the early postfortification period to the most recent period of analysis, the prevalence of spina bifida declined 6.9%, from 2.04 to 1.90 per 10,000 live births.


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