Examining Differences in Types and Location of Recruitment Venues for Young Males and Females from Urban Neighborhoods: Findings from a Multi-Site HIV Prevention Study

Chutuape, Kate S.; Ziff, Mauri; Auerswald, Colette; Castillo, Marné; McFadden, Antionette; Ellen, Jonathan
January 2009
Journal of Urban Health;Jan2009, Vol. 86 Issue 1, p31
Academic Journal
Finding and accessing members of youth subpopulations, such as young men who have sex with men (YMSM) of color or young females of color, for behavioral or disease surveillance or study recruitment, pose particular challenges. Venue-based sampling strategies—which hinge on where individuals congregate or “hang out” rather than where they live—appear to be effective alternatives. Methods used to identify venues focus on engaging members of social networks to learn where targeted populations congregate. However, it is not always clear if and how these methods differ according to gender, whether the youth accessed at a venue are actually from neighborhoods in which the venues are found, and whether the location of venues relative to neighborhoods of residence is different for young men and young women. This study illustrates the gender differences in venue type and venue location where eligible youth study participants from high-risk neighborhoods could be accessed for HIV research across 15 research sites (sites). The findings indicate that the study’s method led to identifying venues where one quarter or more of the youth were eligible study participants and from the high-risk neighborhoods. Sites targeting young women of color had a higher proportion of eligible study participants who were also from the high-risk neighborhoods than sites targeting YMSM. Clubs were most commonly identified by sites targeting YMSM as recruitment venues, whereas neighborhood-based service or commercial centers were more common venues for young women of color. This study reveals how venue-based recruitment strategies can be tailored and resources maximized by understanding the key differences in the types of venues preferred by males and females and by recognizing that female-preferred venues are more likely to be closer to home.


Related Articles

  • Boys Left Behind: Gender Role Changes in Alaska. Kleinfeld, Judith; Reyes, Maria // Thymos: Journal of Boyhood Studies;Fall2007, Vol. 1 Issue 2, p179 

    The gender gap in college enrollment and completion has become a concern in many nations. The phenomenon is extreme in Alaska, particularly among indigenous people. Semi-structured interviews with 162 urban and indigenous students graduating from high school, and in addition, two single-gender...

  • The Power of Prestige: Why Young Men Report Having more Sex Partners than Young Women. Jonason, Peter; Fisher, Terri // Sex Roles;Feb2009, Vol. 60 Issue 3-4, p151 

    In a survey of 48 men and 61 women from a southwestern US college, the gender difference in reported number of sex partners was mediated by the degree to which individuals felt that men and women who had many sexual partners were prestigious. In addition, men cared about the quantity and quality...

  • Social Isolation and Gender. Vandervoort, Debra // Current Psychology;Fall2000, Vol. 19 Issue 3, p229 

    This study investigated the relationship between gender and social support. It was found that men were more isolated than women although there were no gender differences in perceived adequacy (i.e., satisfaction with one's social support network) or network size. Given that both the adequacy and...

  • Boys on the side. Leo, John // U.S. News & World Report;8/05/96, Vol. 121 Issue 5, p18 

    Opinion. Focuses on the Young Women's Leadership School in New York City, a girls-only public school. Plans to open in September 1996 and serve mostly Hispanic and black girls in School District 4 in East Harlem; How it is rooted in research which finds that many girls, particularly...

  • MAKE HIM SWIPE RIGHT!  // Seventeen;Nov2014, Vol. 73 Issue 11, p81 

    The article offers insights from young men on the things they like about young women.

  • Words. .  // New Yorker;3/1/1969, Vol. 45 Issue 2, p29 

    The article provides information on a statement issued by a young man to his partner after a serious argument in Bryant Park, New York City.

  • have a LAST-MINUTE SUMMER FLING! Benson, Elisa // Seventeen;Aug2011, Vol. 70 Issue 8, p114 

    The article offers some flirting tips for young women. It recommends sending a quick Facebook message to a guy. It points out that igniting the adventurous spirit by doing things that one planned to do during the summer season would make it easier to take chances such as talking to a new guy....

  • Communicating social support: Identifying supportive episodes in an HIV/AIDS support group. Cawyer, Carol Stringer; Smith-Dupre', Athena // Communication Quarterly;Summer95, Vol. 43 Issue 3, p243 

    Describes supportive episodes in an human immunodeficiency viruses/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) support group and describes the role of social support group members through ethnographic observations. Communicating to heal; Communicating to vent emotions; Communicating to change...

  • Thriving and surviving: ageing well with HIV. May, James // HIV Australia;2009, Vol. 8 Issue 3, p29 

    The article discusses the condition of three HIV-positive individuals belonging to the LGBT community who the author had interviewed as the author discusses the social context of HIV in Australia. Based on the responses among the three HIV-positive individuals, the author asserts that living...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics