TITLE

Vortex Interactions and Barotropic Aspects of Concentric Eyewall Formation

AUTHOR(S)
Hung-Chi Kuo; Schubert, Wayne H.; Chia-Ling Tsai; Yu-Fen Kuo
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Dec2008, Vol. 136 Issue 12, p5183
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Concentric eyewall formation can be idealized as the interaction of a tropical cyclone core with nearby weaker vorticity of various spatial scales. This paper considers barotropic aspects of concentric eyewall formation from modified Rankine vortices. In this framework, the following parameters are found to be important in concentric eyewall formation: vorticity strength ratio, separation distance, companion vortex size, and core vortex skirt parameter. A vorticity skirt on the core vortex affects the filamentation dynamics in two important ways. First, the vorticity skirt lengthens the filamentation time, and therefore slows moat formation in the region just outside the radius of maximum wind. Second, at large radii, a skirted core vortex induces higher strain rates than a corresponding Rankine vortex and is thus more capable of straining out the vorticity field far from the core. Calculations suggest that concentric structures result from binary interactions when the small vortex is at least 4–6 times as strong as the larger companion vortex. An additional requirement is that the separation distance between the edges of the two vortices be less than 6–7 times the smaller vortex radius. Broad moats form when the initial companion vortex is small, the vorticity skirt outside the radius of maximum wind is small, and the strength ratio is large. In concentric cases, an outer vorticity ring develops when the initial companion vortex is large, the vorticity skirt outside the radius of maximum wind is small, and the strength ratio is not too large. In general, when the companion vortex is 3 times as strong as the core vortex and the separation distance is 4–6 times the radius of the smaller vortex, a core vortex with a vorticity skirt produces concentric structures. In contrast, a Rankine vortex produces elastic interaction in this region of parameter space. Thus, a Rankine vortex of sufficient strength favors the formation of a concentric structure closer to the core vortex, while a skirted vortex of sufficient strength favors the formation of concentric structures farther from the core vortex. This may explain satellite microwave observations that suggest a wide range of radii for concentric eyewalls.
ACCESSION #
36092256

 

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