TITLE

A Reduced Radiation Grid for the ECMWF Integrated Forecasting System

AUTHOR(S)
Morcrette, Jean-Jacques; Mozdzynski, George; Leutbecher, Martin
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Dec2008, Vol. 136 Issue 12, p4760
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
A specific interface between the radiation transfer calculations and the rest of the ECMWF model was introduced in 2003, potentially providing substantial economy in computer time by reducing the spatial resolution at which radiation transfer is evaluated, without incurring some of the deficiencies produced by the sampling strategy previously used in the ECMWF model. The introduction of a new more-computer-intensive radiation package (McRad) in June 2007 has led to a differentiated use of this interface depending on the applications. The history of the interface, how it is used, and its impact when using the new radiation scheme are discussed here. For a given model resolution, the impact of a lower-resolution radiation grid on the model behavior is studied here, in the context of 10-day forecasts at high resolution (TL799L91), of medium-resolution forecasts (TL399L62) used in the Ensemble Prediction System (EPS), and of low-resolution simulations (TL159L91) as used for model development and seasonal forecasts with an interactive ocean. Results for the high-resolution forecasts are compared in terms of objective scores and of the quality of “surface” parameters (total cloud cover, 2-m temperature and specific humidity, and 10-m wind) usually verified in a meteorological context. For the medium-resolution forecasts, the impact of the radiation grid is studied in terms of the potential increase in the efficiency of the EPS system without deteriorating the probabilistic skill. The impact of changes in the radiation grid resolution on the low-resolution versions of model is discussed in terms of cloud–radiation interactions and ocean surface temperature. For these operational applications, a radiation grid with a coarsening factor even as large as 2.5 for TL799L91 and TL159L91 and 4.2 for the EPS TL399L62 is shown to give results free of any systematic differences linked to the spatial interpolation and to the coarser resolution of both the inputs to and the outputs from the radiation transfer schemes.
ACCESSION #
36092229

 

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