Gender Role Portrayals in Preschool Picture Books

Oskamp, Stuart; Kaufman, Karen; Wolterbeek, Lianna Atchison
December 1996
Journal of Social Behavior & Personality;1996 Special Issue, Vol. 11 Issue 5, p27
Academic Journal
Children's preschool books are important sources of gender role socialization, teaching children traditional gender-stereotyped expectations and behavior. Past studies on award-winning preschool books have noted much gender stereotyping but gradually increasing visibility of female characters. This research updated the past studies and expected to find decreasing gender stereotyping. Results showed that human female characters have become increasingly visible, with close to equal numerical representation, and a wider variety of attributes and activities. Though significant male--female differences in depiction of gender-stereotypic traits have diminished, subtle traditional expectations are still present in many of these books.


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