Very large anisotropy in the dc conductivity of epitaxial VO2 thin films grown on (011) rutile TiO2 substrates

Lu, Jiwei; West, Kevin G.; Wolf, Stuart A.
December 2008
Applied Physics Letters;12/29/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 26, p262107
Academic Journal
In this letter, we reported a very large anisotropy in dc conductivity of epitaxial VO2 thin films deposited on a (011) TiO2 substrate. The VO2 film grew epitaxially on TiO2 and x-ray diffraction showed that VO2 had the tetragonal symmetry due to the substrate clamping effect at room temperature. There was a compressive strain of -1.2% along the c-axis of the rutile VO2. We observed a very strong angular dependence of in-plane dc conductivity. We calculated that σ1/σ3∼5.14, which was anomalously large. We attributed the drastic increase to the compressive strain along the c-axis of the rutile VO2 due to substrate clamping. This very large anisotropy disappeared above the metal-insulator transition.


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