Effect of Health Education on Sexual Behaviour of Students of Public Secondary Schools in Ilorin, Nigeria

Aderibigbe, S. A.; Araoye, M. O.
December 2008
European Journal of Scientific Research;Dec2008, Vol. 24 Issue 1, p33
Academic Journal
In many African societies, young men and women have different interest, motivations and strategies for engaging in premarital sexual relationships. Because of these differences, young men and women have different patterns of sexual behaviour which include sex with non-marital partners, transactional sex, multiple partners, sex with more than one non-marital partners and non-use of condom and hence, they are exposed to different reproductive health risks. This quasi-experimental study was carried out in 6 public secondary schools in Ilorin, Kwara State to determine the effect of health education on risky sexual behaviour of students of public secondary schools in Ilorin. The study was carried out in three stages; the baseline, intervention and post-intervention among two groups of adolescent secondary school students, designated as study and control groups. The baseline was conducted with the use of pre-tested semi-structured questionnaires which were self-administered to 262 adolescent students in the study group and 259 in the control group. A post intervention assessment was carried out among both the study and control groups three months after the intervention using the same instrument used at baseline. All respondents were between 10-19 years (Mean=15.63�2.11), 53% were males and 74.9% were yoruba by ethnicity. Forty seven point six percent of the respondents were Christians. On the whole, 28.2% of all respondents are sexually active with significantly more males than females having initiated sexual activity (p<0.05). About 24.2% of all respondents have ever received gifts in exchange for sex, while 45% have more than one sexual partner. Condom use at first sexual intercourse was reported by 42.3% of all respondents. There was a significant decrease in sexual activity at post-intervention (p<0.05) for the study group and a significant increase in condom use (p<0.05). The intervention generally had significant impact on contraceptive use and on risky sexual practices. Reproductive health policy and youth programmes should be designed specifically to target adolescents in order to bring about a change in risky sexual behaviour and motivate them to understand the need for a healthy reproductive life.


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