Functional Dysphonia During Mental Imagery: Testing the Trait Theory of Voice Disorders

Van Mersbergen, Miriam; Patrick, Christopher; Glaze, Leslie
December 2008
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2008, Vol. 51 Issue 6, p1405
Academic Journal
Purpose: Previous research has proposed that persons with functional dysphonia (FD) present with temperamental traits that predispose them to their voice disorder. We investigated this theory in a controlled experiment and compared them with social anxiety (SA) and healthy control (HC) groups. Method: Twelve participants with FD, 19 participants with SA, and 23 HC participants were studied before, during, and after mental imagery of positive, neutral, and aversive scripts in a within-subject reversal paradigm with multiple experimental conditions using psychometric, self-report, and psychophysiological measures. Results: In psychometric tests, those with FD demonstrated increased fear in social situations but not increased avoidance. On measures of mood, all groups responded with predicted increases in pleasant mood for positive scripts and unpleasant mood for aversive scripts; on vocal effort ratings, those with FD reported greater effort for all scripts following imagery. Under experimentally controlled conditions, the SA and HC groups demonstrated predicted activation of EMG measures of mood, whereas the FD group demonstrated overall reduced activation of EMG measures. Conclusion: Results may suggest that those with FD respond to emotional stimuli with reduced behavioral expression, compared with SA and HC groups, consistent with the temperamental trait of behavioral constraint.


Related Articles

  • Dynamic instability of visuospatial images. Giraudo, Marie-Dominique; Pailhous, Jean // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan;Dec99, Vol. 25 Issue 6, p1495 

    Examines dynamics of mental image accuracy and variability. Relationship between memory accuracy and memory variability; Temporal discrepancies between perceptual configuration and its memory and among successive memories; Use of memory variability in determining the origin of steady state...

  • Give Those Men a Cigar (But No Light): A reply to Slade, Landers, and Martin. Hale, Bruce; Holmes, Paul; Smith, Dave; Fowler, Neil; Collins, Dave // Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology;Sep2003, Vol. 25 Issue 3, p402 

    Several years ago Collins and Hale (1997) commented on nonrigorous experimental designs and procedures which typified published research examining the psychophysiology of the imagery process. Conceptual, methodological, and analytical guidelines were offered to improve the quality of future...

  • Repression of Anxiety and its Effects on Psychophysiological Responses to Stimuli in Competitive Gymnasts. Tremayne, Patsy; Barry, Robert J. // Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology;Dec1990, Vol. 12 Issue 4, p333 

    This study investigated cardiac and electrodermal responses in competitive gymnasts differing in levels of trait anxiety and repression. The research strategy was to seek differences in tonic and phasic physiological measures that occurred in association with differences in state and/or trait...

  • Clinical Case Study: Clinical Use of the Looming Vulnerability Construct for Performance Anxiety in a Dance Recital. Riskind, John H.; Long, Daniel; Duckworth, Rebecca; Gessner, Ted // Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy;Winter2004, Vol. 18 Issue 4, p361 

    Several recent social phobia models (e.g., Clark & Wells, 1995; Rapee & Heimberg, !997) share the assumption that sensitivity to the social evaluative context is produced by the socially anxious person's generation of distorted mental images. These distorted images occur in the form of an...

  • The Effect of Negative, Positive, and Neutral Self-imagery on Symptoms and Processes in Social Anxiety Disorder. Ng, Ashlen; Abbott, Maree // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Aug2016, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p479 

    Cognitive models of social anxiety disorder suggest that negative self-images maintain social fears despite repeated exposure to benign social situations. An accumulating body of evidence supports this notion, and preliminary data indicates that modifying self-imagery can potentially reduce...

  • PSYCHOMETRIC QUALITY OF A REVISED VERSION VIVIDNESS OF VISUAL IMAGERY QUESTIONNAIRE. Campos, Alfredo; Pérez-Fabello, María José // Perceptual & Motor Skills;Jun2009, Vol. 108 Issue 3, p798 

    In this study, reliability and construct validity of the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire (VVIQ) and of a revised version, the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire-2 (VVIQ-2) were assessed with a total of 279 undergraduate psychology students who were also administered other...

  • HYPNOTIC SUGGESTIBILITY AND ADULT ATTACHMENT. Peter, Burkhard; Hagl, Maria; Bazijan, Alexandra; Piesbergen, Christoph // Contemporary Hypnosis & Integrative Therapy;2011, Vol. 28 Issue 3, p171 

    The article discusses the connection of hypnotic suggestibility with certain personality traits. It mentions several correlations found between hypnotic suggestibility and personality traits including absorption, imaginative involvement, and response expectancy. It presents the identification of...

  • A Behavioral Index of Imagery Ability in Social Anxiety. Morrison, Amanda; Amir, Nader; Taylor, Charles // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Aug2011, Vol. 35 Issue 4, p326 

    Individuals with social anxiety often report recurrent, distorted, negative images of themselves. However, previous research has relied exclusively on self-report methods that assess the content of these images rather than the underlying processes involved in image generation. Therefore, we used...

  • Visual Angle of the Mind's Eye Before and After Unilateral Occipital Lobectomy. Farah, Martha J.; Soso, Michael J.; Dasheiff, Richard M. // Journal of Experimental Psychology. Human Perception & Performan;Feb92, Vol. 18 Issue 1, p241 

    This article presents a study on the visual angle of the mind's eye before and after unilateral occipital lobectomy. The researchers describe a new neuropsvchological observation that is directly relevant to the format of mental images. The investigation used a technique to measure the visual...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics