TITLE

Spallation performance of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation tubing

AUTHOR(S)
Peek, G.J.; Thompson, A.; Killer, H.M.; Firmin, R.K.
PUB. DATE
September 2000
SOURCE
Perfusion;Sep2000, Vol. 15 Issue 5, p457
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
During the prolonged roller pump use of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO), tubing wear generates spallation. The spallation performance of Tygon® S-65-HL was measured and compared with a potential new ECMO tubing, LVA (Portex 800-500-575). Spallation was measured by on-line laser diode particle counting (HIAC) during simulated ECMO. The effects of differing levels of occlusion and pump speed were examined, as was the effect of spallation over time. The spallation produced by Tygon S-65-HL was less than that seen with LVA during 24 h of simulated ECMO (p < 0.001), and after 72 h had fallen almost to zero. Spallation with Tygon tubing increases with increasing pump speed and decreases over time. There appears to be only a weak correlation with occlusion, which is surprising. The spallation performance of Tygon S-65-HL was variable and under some conditions exceeded that of LVA. Overall, however, Tygon S-65-HL produced less spallation than LVA. Therefore, LVA cannot be recommended for clinical ECMO use.
ACCESSION #
3591948

 

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