Dillaway, Heather E.
September 2008
International Journal of Sociology of the Family;Autumn2008, Vol. 34 Issue 2, p301
Academic Journal
Assisted reproductive technologies (ART) now allow some women to become pregnant and give birth to children that are not contractually their own. That is, through the use of artificial insemination or in vitro fertilization, today some women are becoming mothers for others as they enter into surrogacy arrangements. As the use of ART and surrogacy become more frequent and visible, we must adopt a social problems perspective and analyze how surrogacy arrangements, in particular, may reinforce multiple and intersecting macro-level inequalities in U.S. society. The details and popular reaction to two landmark surrogacy cases, In the Matter of Baby M (1985-1988) in New Jersey, and Anna J. (1990-1993) are evaluated in this article, in order to make tentative conclusions as to how individuals' race, class, and gender locations affect their experiences of surrogacy arrangements. It is hoped that this analysis can push our knowledge of the intersections of inequalities in individual experience, and also alert us to how our definitions of motherhood and families continue to be laced with ideas about the differences among groups of people in society.


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