Bandgap engineering by tuning particle size and crystallinity of SnO2–Fe2O3 nanocrystalline composite thin films

Sahana, M. B.; Sudakar, C.; Setzler, G.; Dixit, A.; Thakur, J. S.; Lawes, G.; Naik, R.; Naik, V. M.; Vaishnava, P. P.
December 2008
Applied Physics Letters;12/8/2008, Vol. 93 Issue 23, p231909
Academic Journal
We report the structural and optical properties of xSnO2–yFe2O3 nanocrystalline composite thin films. SnO2 and Fe2O3 exhibit strong phase separation instability and their particle size and crystallinity are tunable by changing their composition and annealing temperature. The bandgap for these composites continuously increases from 2.3 to 3.89 eV. We discuss the increasing bandgap values in terms of the quantum confinement effect manifested by the decreasing size of Fe2O3 crystallites. The method provides a generic approach for the tuning of the bandgap in nanocomposite systems.


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