TITLE

Translational Studies of Alcoholism

AUTHOR(S)
ZAHR, NATALIE M.; SULLIVAN, EDITH V.
PUB. DATE
September 2008
SOURCE
Alcohol Research & Health;2008, Vol. 31 Issue 3, p215
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Human studies are necessary to identify and classify the brain systems predisposing individuals to develop alcohol use disorders and those modified by alcohol, while animal models of alcoholism are essential for a mechanistic understanding of how chronic voluntary alcohol consumption becomes compulsive, how brain systems become damaged, and how damage resolves. Our current knowledge of the neuroscience of alcohol dependence has evolved from the interchange of information gathered from both human alcoholics and animal models of alcoholism. Together, studies in humans and animal models have provided support for the involvement of specific brain structures over the course of alcohol addiction, including the prefrontal cortex, basal ganglia, cerebellum, amygdala, hippocampus, and the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.
ACCESSION #
35876013

 

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