Mckay, Alexander
December 1999
Canadian Journal of Human Sexuality;Winter99, Vol. 8 Issue 4, p285
Academic Journal
This installment of "Sex Research Update" summarizes recent research on: why teenage pregnancy rates in the United States are declining; teen perspectives on pregnancy prevention; determinants of low-risk and high-risk HIV infections among Montreal university students. Although the United States continues to have one of the highest teenage pregnancy rates in the developed world, the teen pregnancy rate in the U.S. dropped during the 1990s. The authors then turn their attention to the question of how sexually experienced teenagers have become more successful at preventing pregnancy. They investigate three possible factors: a decrease in the frequency of intercourse; an increase in the use of contraceptives in general; and an increase in the use of more effective contraceptive methods. The development and implementation of effective teenage pregnancy prevention programs requires careful planning and evaluation. In addition to postprogram evaluations, elicitation research designed to ascertain the needs, priorities, and learning styles of target audiences is a key component of health education program development.


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