TITLE

Adaptive stretch-shortening contractions: diminished regenerative capacity with aging

AUTHOR(S)
Baker, Brent A.; Hollander, Melinda S.; Mercer, Robert R.; Kashon, Michael L.; Cutlip, Robert G.
PUB. DATE
December 2008
SOURCE
Applied Physiology, Nutrition & Metabolism;Dec2008, Vol. 33 Issue 6, p1181
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This study determined the age-related changes in acute events responsible for initiating skeletal muscle remodeling and (or) regeneration in the tibialis anterior muscle following a bout of stretch-shortening contractions (SSCs). Changes in muscle performance and morphology were quantified in young and old rats, following an acute exposure to adaptive SSCs at 6, 24, 48, 72, and 120 h postexposure (n = 6 for each age at each recovery period). Following SSC exposure, all performance measures were decreased in old rats throughout the 120 h acute phase. Estimates of edema were increased in the old vs. young exposed muscle at 120 h recovery. Both young and old rats displayed an increase in developmental myosin heavy chain (MHCdev+) labeling in the exposed muscle, indicating muscle regeneration. However, old rats displayed diminished MHCdev+ labeling, compared with young rats, suggesting limited remodeling and (or) regenerative capacity. Based on these data, diminished local muscle remodeling and (or) regeneration with aging may limit skeletal muscle adaptation following mechanical loading.
ACCESSION #
35731939

 

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