TITLE

1-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial comparing seclusion and mechanical restraint in people with serious mental illness

AUTHOR(S)
Bergk, Jan; Birk, Michael; Steinert, Tilman
PUB. DATE
January 2007
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2007 Supplement 1, Vol. 7, Special section p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background Seclusion and mechanical restraint are widely used for people with serious mental disorders. In most countries one intervention is preferred while the other is considered as inhuman or not sufficiently safe, but identical arguments refer to different preferences. There is a lack of evidence from well-designed studies on compulsory measures in psychiatry. Methods We conducted a cohort study with optional randomisation comparing seclusion and mechanical restraint among in-patients with acute psychotic disorders. We determined an ethical aspect as main outcome variable: the restriction of human rights from the patients' point of view, measured by a scale developed for this purpose, Human DIgnity during COercive Procedures, DICOP. In addition we screened for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). After one year a follow-up was conducted by telephone interviews. We reassessed the incidence of PTSD after coercive measures by the Impact of Event Scale (IES). Results 102 out of 233 patients exposed to coercive measures within 24 months could be included, 26 could be randomized (12 seclusion, 14 restraint). 60 patients could be contacted for follow-up interviews. Further results will be presented.
ACCESSION #
35704251

 

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