TITLE

Use of coercive physical measures in a Psychiatric Unit of a University General Hospital in Greece

AUTHOR(S)
Bilanakis, Nikolaos; Christou, Konstantinos; Kalabokis, Ghiorgos; Goulia, Panagiota; Mavreas, Venetsanos
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
Annals of General Psychiatry;2008 Supplement 1, Vol. 7, Special section p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background Coercive physical measures, such as seclusion, restraint and forced medication, are commonly used in psychiatric care units, though their therapeutic value has been a subject of serious debate [1]. To date, in Greece, there is no data available on the incidence of such measures. Materials and methods The form, frequency and duration of coercive physical measures applied on the total number of patients (n=282) admitted in the Psychiatric Unit of the Ioannina University General Hospital during a six-month period (2006-2007) were studied retrospectively. Differences between the group of patients who received coercive physical methods and the patients who didn't receive any coercive method were analyzed by using chi-square and t-tests. Results 11.0% of admissions had been subjected in some form of coercive physical measures. 9.55%, 6.72% and 1.76% of admissions respectively were affected by seclusion in seclusion room, chemical and mechanical restraint. The mean duration of any one seclusion and mechanical restraint was 64.9h and the mean number of seclusion and mechanical restraint per affected case was 3.58. Statistical analysis between the group subjected into coercive measures and the non-subjected group showed association only with the type of admission. Conclusions The results presented here provide epidemiological data on the use of mechanical restraint and seclusion in a psychiatric unit of a General Hospital in Greece. Although there are different patterns in the use of coercive physical measures across European psychiatric units, the results of our study are in accordance with those of previous research [2,3]. Further research in the field may contribute to achieve European standards for the use of coercive measures.
ACCESSION #
35703856

 

Related Articles

  • In brief.  // Mental Health Practice;Apr2011, Vol. 14 Issue 7, p4 

    This section offers news briefs related to mental health care in Great Britain, including the study into the number of people with dementia in the country from the Alzheimer's Society, the recruitment of 1,000 people by the Lincolnshire Partnership National Health Service (NHS) Foundation Trust...

  • outside the box. Faulkner, Alison // Mental Health Today;Jul/Aug2013, p15 

    No abstract available.

  • Deinstitutionalization and psychiatric reform in Spain. Vázquez-Barquero, J. L.; García, J. // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;1999, Vol. 249 Issue 3, p128 

    Abstract The transformation of psychiatric care which has been carried out in Spain since the 1980s, under the name of "Psychiatric Reform", had produced as it most significant achievements: (i) the development of a new organizational structure for mental health care, (ii) the integration of...

  • Social deprivation amongst short stay psychiatric patients. Ebringer, Lorna; Christie-Brown, J. R. W.; Ebringer, L; Christie-Brown, J R // British Journal of Psychiatry;Jan80, Vol. 136, p46 

    Two samples of newly admitted psychiatric patients were examined. Of 558 patients admitted during one year, 76 (13.7 per cent) came in from transitory accommodation or no fixed abode; of 456 patients discharged 131 (28.7 per cent) either changed address during their stay in hospital or left...

  • Recent treatment history vs clinical characteristics in the prediction of use of outpatient psychiatric services. de Figueiredo, John M.; Boerstler, Heidi; Doros, Gheorghe // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Feb2006, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p130 

    Background: The use of outpatient psychiatric services has been shown to be a complex function of sociodemographic, clinical, and pathway variables. The relative contribution of each variable or groups of variables in explaining the variability in the use of outpatient psychiatric...

  • Helping alliance and early dropout from psychiatric out-patient care: the influence of patient factors. Johansson, Håkan; Eklund, Mona; Johansson, Håkan // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Feb2006, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p140 

    Background: The study examined client factors of relevance in the establishment of helping alliance and in the prediction of dropout from a routine psychiatric setting admitting a variety of diagnoses and staffed with a multiprofessional team.Method: Newly admitted...

  • Adapting facilities to meet multiple population needs. BRYS, SHANNON // Behavioral Healthcare;May/Jun2013, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p28 

    The article reviews the architectural design of a renovated psychiatric-medical facility at Saint Mary's Health Care in Grand Rapids, Michigan to meet the needs of the growing geriatric-psychiatric population designed by Laurie N. Placinski, Interior Project Designer and Client Leader at...

  • Long-stay patients discharged from psychiatric hospitals. Social and clinical outcomes after five years in the community. The TAPS Project 46. Leff, Julian; Trieman, Noam; Leff, J; Trieman, N // British Journal of Psychiatry;Mar2000, Vol. 176, p217 

    Background: There have been no large-scale prospective studies evaluating the transfer of care from psychiatric hospitals to district-based services.Aims: We aimed to compare the quality of life of patients in two north London hospitals scheduled for closure with that...

  • Data tracking, standardized tools aid in psychiatric care.  // Hospital Access Management;May2008, Vol. 27 Issue 5, p55 

    The article reports on the initiatives of health care leaders at Seton Shoal Creek Hospital in Austin, Texas which are designed to streamline the services offered to psychiatric patients. Mark Catalano, manager of admissions at Seton, stresses that the initiatives include a mobile assessment...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics