TITLE

Predicting violent infractions in a Swiss state penitentiary: A replication study of the PCL-R in a population of sex and violent offenders

AUTHOR(S)
Endrass, Jérôme; Rossegger, Astrid; Urbaniok, Frank; Laubacher, Arja; Vetter, Stefan
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2008, Vol. 8, Special section p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Research conducted with forensic psychiatric patients found moderate correlations between violence in institutions and psychopathy. It is unclear though, whether the PCL-R is an accurate instrument for predicting aggressive behavior in prisons. Results seem to indicate that the instrument is better suited for predicting verbal rather than physical aggression of prison inmates. Methods: PCL-R scores were assessed for a sample of 113 imprisoned sex and violent offenders in Switzerland. Logistic regression analyses were used to estimate physical and verbal aggression as a function of the PCL-R sum score. Additionally, stratified analyses were conducted for Factor 1 and 2. Infractions were analyzed as to their motives and consequences. Results: The mean score of the PCL-R was 12 points. Neither the relationship between physical aggression and the sum score of the PCL-R, nor the relationship between physical aggression and either of the two factors of the PCL-R were significant. Both the sum score and Factor 1 predicted the occurrence of verbal aggression (AUC = 0.70 and 0.69), while Factor 2 did not. Conclusion: Possible explanations are discussed for the weak relationship between PCL-R scores and physically aggressive behavior during imprisonment. Some authors have discussed whether the low base rate of violent infractions can be considered an explanation for the non-significant relation between PCL-R-score and violence. The base rate in this study, however, with 27%, was not low. It is proposed that the distinction between reactive and instrumental motives of institutional violence must be considered when examining the usefulness of the PCL-R in predicting in-prison physical aggressive behavior.
ACCESSION #
35702833

 

Related Articles

  • GENETICS PREDICTIONS OF FUTURE DANGEROUSNESS: IS THERE A BLUEPRINT FOR VIOLENCE? Beecher-Monas, Erica; Garcia-Rill, Edgar // Law & Contemporary Problems;Winter/Spring2006, Vol. 69 Issue 1/2, p301 

    The article examines the application of genetics for predicting dangerous behavior. The U.S. courts' applications of future dangerous forecasts from genetics in sentencing and post-sentence commitment proceedings for sex offenders and murderers are discussed. It is argued that the courts'...

  • What Works: Effective Interventions with Sex Offenders. Yates, Pamela M. // ICCA Journal on Community Corrections;Jan2000, Vol. 9 Issue 4, p12 

    The article examines the effectiveness of sexual offender using pertinent literature. It focuses on comprehensive qualitative and quantitative reviews. It highlights the association between psychopathy and violent behaviours observed across studies. Based on the results of the review, the author...

  • Gay groups oppose Proposition 83. Szymanski, Zak // Bay Area Reporter;9/28/2006, Vol. 36 Issue 39, p18 

    The article focuses on the opposition of gay groups to the Proposition 83, the Sexually Violent Predators Initiative. Gay labor activist Howard Wallace and other Proposition 83 opponents said that the measure simply relocates sex offenders to other parts of the state, implements a costly,...

  • FROM DANGEROUSNESS TO PRECAUTION: Managing Sexual and Violent Offenders in an Insecure and Uncertain Age. Hebenton, Bill; Seddon, Toby // British Journal of Criminology;May2009, Vol. 49 Issue 3, p343 

    Theorists such as Ewald and Ericson, in their respective writings, argue that, increasingly, governmental responses to incalculable, but high-consequence, threats to life and security are framed by what has been described as 'precautionary logic'. Neither theorist sought to analyse and develop...

  • Assessing dangerousness.  // Howard League Magazine;Dec2004, Vol. 22 Issue 4, p14 

    The article takes a look at the debate surrounding dangerous offenders from the Howard League for Penal Reform's perspective. The three elements of criminal seriousness, personal traits and degree of prospective future harm are common sentencing considerations, developed in the Criminal Justice...

  • Fear-mongering on SB 500. Dornin, Chris // New Hampshire Business Review;10/22/2010, Vol. 32 Issue 22, p20 

    In this article, the author comments on the new parole law, Senate Bill 500, in 2010 in the U.S. The author believes that sex offenders and other violent criminals are put back on the street by the new parole law. He claims that the law won majorities in both the House and Senate committees...

  • The Management of Serious Violent or Sexual Offenders who are Mobile across the European Union: The Challenge of Mobile Offenders. Hilder, Sarah; Kemshall, Hazel // Irish Probation Journal;Oct2015, Vol. 12, p113 

    This article reports on an EU funded project examining the use of existing information exchange mechanisms, and monitoring, management and tracking systems available to EU Member States for use with serious violent or sexual offenders who travel across EU borders. It focuses on transfers and...

  • The psychology of correctional therapeutics and offender rehabilitation: Approaching a balanced model of inmate treatment. Carpenter, J. Tyler; Spruielll, Graham // Journal of Psychiatry & Law;Summer2011, Vol. 39 Issue 2, p365 

    A correctional policy of medically mandated, constitutionally guaranteed, and legally enforced mental health treatment for persons with mental illness sounds both humane and like good public policy. The widely assumed presumption is that such a framework exists and can be applied in correctional...

  • Risk management of sex offenders: a model for community intervention. Conroy, Mary Alice // Journal of Psychiatry & Law;Spring2006, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p5 

    The great majority of convicted sexual offenders will eventually be managed in the community. To date, many jurisdictions have attempted to apply a one-size-fits-all model using a specific treatment program, medication, or a containment approach. These programs have a number of drawbacks and are...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics