TITLE

Validity of a self-reported diagnosis of depression among participants in a cohort study using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I)

AUTHOR(S)
Sanchez-Villegas, Almudena; Schlatter, Javier; Ortuno, Felipe; Lahortiga, Francisca; Pla, Jorge; Benito, Silvia; Martinez-Gonzalez, Miguel A.
PUB. DATE
January 2008
SOURCE
BMC Psychiatry;2008, Vol. 8, Special section p1
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Background: Depression assessment in population studies is usually based on depressive symptoms scales. However, the use of scales could lead to the choice of an arbitrary cut-off point depending on the sample characteristics and on the patient diagnosis. Thus, the use of a medical diagnosis of depression could be a more appropriate approach. Objective: To validate a self-reported physician diagnosis of depression using the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID-I) as Gold Standard and to assess the factors associated to a valid self-reported diagnosis. Methods: The SUN Project is a cohort study based on university graduates followed-up through postal questionnaires. The response to the question included in the questionnaire: Have you ever been diagnosed of depression by a physician? was compared to that obtained through the SCID-I applied by a psychiatrist or a clinical psychologist. The percentages of confirmed depression and non-depression were assessed for the overall sample and according to several characteristics. Logistic regression models were fitted to ascertain the association between different factors and a correct classification regarding depression status. Results: The percentage of confirmed depression was 74.2%; 95% confidence interval (95% CI) = 63.3-85.1. Out of 42 participants who did not report a depression diagnosis in the questionnaire, 34 were free of the disease (%confirmed non-depression = 81.1%; 95% CI = 69.1-92.9). The probability of being a true positive was higher among ex-smokers and non-smokers and among those overweight or obese but the differences were not statistically significant. Conclusion: The validity of a self-reported diagnosis of depression in the SUN cohort is adequate. Thus, this question about depression diagnosis could be used in further investigations regarding this disease in this graduate cohort study.
ACCESSION #
35702799

 

Related Articles

  • Düşsünce ve Dil ÖlçeÄŸinin Türkçe Formunun Geçerlilik ve Güvenilirlik Çalışması. Ulaş, Halis; Alptekin, Köksal; Özbay, Deniz; Akdede, Berna Binnur; Çakır, Emre; Tümüklü, Mevhibe; Şimşek, Selçuk; Arkar, Haluk; Akvardar, Yıldız // Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi;2007, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p77 

    Objective: Thought and Language Index (TLI) is a semistructured clinical interview scale for assessing thought and language disorders in patients with schizophrenia. This index has been translated and adapted into Turkish language in order to study its validity and reliability. Method: 82...

  • Depressive mixed states: unipolar and bipolar II. Benazzi, F. // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;2000, Vol. 250 Issue 5, p249 

    Abstract Depressive mixed states (DMS) (major depressive episodes with some hypomanic symptoms) are understudied, and not classified in DSM-IV. The study aim was to find prevalence of DMS among depressed outpatients, to study clinical differences between DMS and non-DMS, and relationships of DMS...

  • Current diagnostic methods do not detect subsyndromal depression.  // Geriatrics;Aug99, Vol. 54 Issue 8, p69 

    Presents an abstract of the article `The Importance of Subsyndromal Depression in Older Primary Care Patients: Prevalence and Associated Functional Disability,' by J. M. Lyness, D. A. King, et al., from the `Journal of American Geriatrics Society' dated June 1999.

  • Ways of Asking, Ways of Telling. Csordas, Thomas J.; Dole, Christopher; Tran, Allen; Strickland, Matthew; Storck, Michael G. // Culture, Medicine & Psychiatry;Mar2010, Vol. 34 Issue 1, p29 

    The interpretive understanding that can be derived from interviews is highly influenced by methods of data collection, be they structured or semistructured, ethnographic, clinical, life-history or survey interviews. This article responds to calls for research into the interview process by...

  • Axis I disorders and personality disorders as risk factors for suicide. Schneider, Barbara; Wetterling, Tilman; Sargk, Dieter; Schneider, Fabian; Schnabel, Axel; Maurer, Konrad; Fritze, J�rgen // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;2006, Vol. 256 Issue 1, p17 

    There is a lack of psychological autopsy studies assessing the influence of axis I disorders on axis II disorders as risk factors for suicide. Therefore, we investigated the association between personality disorders, axis I disorders, and suicide. Psychiatric disorders were evaluated by a...

  • Bipolar Bozukluk BaÅŸlangıç Yaşının Klinik ve GidiÅŸ Özellikleriyle Ä°liÅŸkisi. Tütüncü, Recep; Örsel, Sibel; Özbay, M. Haluk // Klinik Psikiyatri Dergisi;2007, Vol. 10 Issue 2, p63 

    Objectives: The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of age of onset on socio-demographic variables, clinical properties, prognosis and functionality in bipolar disorder. Method: The study sample consisted of 43 patients. 23 patients' age of onset was more than 20 and the rest was...

  • A Preliminary Study of Negative Self-Beliefs in Anorexia Nervosa: A Detailed Exploration of Their Content, Origins and Functional Links to “Not Eating Enough” and Other Characteristic Behaviors. Woolrich, Rachel A.; Cooper, Myra J.; Turner, Hannah M. // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Dec2006, Vol. 30 Issue 6, p735 

    Objective: The study explored the semantic content and origins of negative self-beliefs, and their functional links to “not eating enough” and other behaviors, in participants with anorexia nervosa (AN). Method: Fifteen women meeting DSM-IV criteria for AN were compared with 17...

  • Recommended reading. Stout, Chris E. // Psychotherapy Letter;Jan94, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p3 

    Reviews the books `Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Dissociative Disorders and Interviewer's Guide,' by Marlene Steinberg and `Lessons from the Lion's Den,' by Nancy S. Cotton.

  • Adolescent Adjustment and the Transition to High School. Wallis, Jeffrey R.; Barrett, Paula M. // Journal of Child & Family Studies;Mar98, Vol. 7 Issue 1, p43 

    We examined the impact of the transition from elementary to high school on the psychological adjustment of adolescents, and the effectiveness of an assessment procedure aimed at identifying adolescents experiencing emotional and behavioral problems. One hundred and ten children from 2 elementary...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics