Predictors of depression stigma

Griffiths, Kathleen M.; Christensen, Helen; Jorm, Anthony F.
January 2008
BMC Psychiatry;2008, Vol. 8, Special section p1
Academic Journal
Background: To investigate and compare the predictors of personal and perceived stigma associated with depression. Method: Three samples were surveyed to investigate the predictors: a national sample of 1,001 Australian adults; a local community sample of 5,572 residents of the Australian Capital Territory and Queanbeyan aged 18 to 50 years; and a psychologically distressed subset (n = 487) of the latter sample. Personal and Perceived Stigma were measured using the two subscales of the Depression Stigma Scale. Potential predictors included demographic variables (age, gender, education, country of birth, remoteness of residence), psychological distress, awareness of Australia's national depression initiative beyondblue, depression literacy and level of exposure to depression. Not all predictors were used for all samples. Results: Personal stigma was consistently higher among men, those with less education and those born overseas. It was also associated with greater current psychological distress, lower prior contact with depression, not having heard of a national awareness raising initiative, and lower depression literacy. These findings differed from those for perceived stigma except for psychological distress which was associated with both higher personal and higher perceived stigma. Remoteness of residence was not associated with either type of stigma. Conclusion: The findings highlight the importance of treating the concepts of personal and perceived stigma separately in designing measures of stigma, in interpreting the pattern of findings in studies of the predictors of stigma, and in designing, interpreting the impact of and disseminating interventions for stigma.


Related Articles

  • In Bangladesh, Overweight Individuals Have Fewer Symptoms of Depression Than Nonoverweight Individuals. Asghar, Shaheen; Magnusson, Andres; Khan, Azad; Ali, Keramat; Hussain, Akhtar // Obesity (19307381);Jun2010, Vol. 18 Issue 6, p1143 

    The aim of this study was to examine whether the association between overweight and depression usually found in western societies would also be found in locations where overweight is not stigmatized. A total of 1,271 individuals from rural Bangladesh were randomly selected; the response rate was...

  • The stigma of psychiatric treatment and help-seeking intentions for depression. Schomerus, Georg; Matschinger, Herbert; Angermeyer, Matthias C. // European Archives of Psychiatry & Clinical Neuroscience;Aug2009, Vol. 259 Issue 5, p298 

    The stigma of mental illness has often been considered a potential cause for reluctant willingness to seek help for mental problems, but there is little evidence on this issue. We examine two aspects of stigma related to seeing a psychiatrist and their association with help-seeking intentions...

  • Attitudes towards people with mental disorders: the psychometric characteristics of a Finnish questionnaire. Aromaa, Esa; Tolvanen, Asko; Tuulari, Jyrki; Wahlbeck, Kristian // Social Psychiatry & Psychiatric Epidemiology;Feb2010, Vol. 45 Issue 2, p265 

    The prevalence of mental disorders, especially depression, increasingly creates concern for our mental, social and economic well-being. The public has insufficient knowledge about mental disorders and their treatment. A stigma is attached to mental disorders, which has a multifaceted impact on...

  • Youth mental health first aid: a description of the program and an initial evaluation. Kelly, Claire M.; Mithen, Johanna M.; Fischer, Julie A.; Kitchener, Betty A.; Jorm, Anthony F.; Lowe, Adrian; Scanlan, Chris // International Journal of Mental Health Systems;2011, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p4 

    Background: Adolescence is the peak age of onset for mental illness, with half of all people who will ever have a mental illness experiencing their first episode prior to 18 years of age. Early onset of mental illness is a significant predictor for future episodes. However, adolescents and young...

  • How Much Stigma can Influence the Development of Depression in Epilepsy? Mehmedika Suljic, Enra // Materia Socio Medica;2009, Vol. 21 Issue 1, p19 

    Introduction: Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder of the brain and also the least understood. Fear, misunderstanding and the resulting social stigma surrounding epilepsy can result in social, and sometimes even legal, discrimination against those living with this condition....

  • How Much Stigma Can Influence the Development of Depression in Epilepsy? Suljic, Enra // Materia Socio Medica;2010, Vol. 22 Issue 2, p77 

    Introduction: Epilepsy is the most common neurological disorder of the brain and also the least understood. Fear, misunderstanding and the resulting social stigma surrounding epilepsy can result in social, and sometimes even legal, discrimination against those living with this condition....

  • Saying goodbye to stigma. Hill, Rosalind // British Journal of Nursing;3/8/2011, Vol. 20 Issue 5, p269 

    The author reflects on stigmas which people with mental illnesses are often forced to face during their lives. She suggests that it is often very difficult for people with a mental health condition to cope on a daily basis due to the fear that people could make fun of them. She argues that it is...

  • Snapshot on mental health.  // Queensland Nurse;Feb2011, Vol. 30 Issue 1, p12 

    The article offers information on the Snapshots project which aims to reduce the stigma associated with conditions such as bipolar disorder and depression in Australia.

  • Key Ingredients of Anti-Stigma Programs for Health Care Providers: A Data Synthesis of Evaluative Studies. Knaak, Stephanie; Modgill, Geeta; Patten, Scott B. // Canadian Journal of Psychiatry;Oct2014 Supplement 1, Vol. 59 Issue 10, pS19 

    Objective: As part of its ongoing effort to combat stigma against mental illness among health care providers, the Mental Health Commission of Canada partnered with organizations conducting anti-stigma interventions. Our objective was to evaluate program effectiveness and to better understand...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics